Atacama virtual: Englishwww.geovirtual2.cl
Museo Virtual, Chile
W. Griem, 2006 - 2021
Photo: View of the chimneys of Labrar with a large slag field in the foreground in the region of Atacama (Chile). (Photo W. Griem; 2006; Kodak10606) - (Foto W. Griem; 2006; Kodak10606) - Photo in large size
Information photo: Camera Kodak
Focal length: 31.3mm (=189/35mm) | Shutter speed: 1:180
F: f/3.2 | Original size: 2304 x 1728 | Date of recording: 2006/10/07/18:20 hrs.
Photo: Chimney of the former copper smelting plant
"Labrar" (region Atacama - Chile). (Photo W. Griem; 2006; K 10553)
Information photo: Camera Kodak
Focal length: 8.5mm (=51/35mm) | Shutter speed: 1:350
F: f/6.3 | Original size: 2304 x 1728 | Date of recording: 2006/10/07/17:33 hrs.
Labrar was an important industrial complex for the
region. In 1830 Carlos Lambert had a copper smelting plant built in this
area (other sources indicate the year 1846). Even today, three of these
chimneys are still standing vertically in the landscape. They were built
of English clinker and are 18 metres high.
In general, the furnaces were fired with wood or Australian coal. The port was the "Puerto Peña Blanca"16 kilometres away. In general it is described that the furnaces were in operation until about 1895, but in the "Estadística Minera" from 1903 it is reported that at least one furnace is still in operation and that two more have not been used for a long time.
There are still a lot of slag in the area today. As an example: In 1903,4,450 tons of copper ore were melted at an average concentration of 14.6%. Approximately 3,000 tons of coal were burned.
In the years 1906 and 1907 a melt with a chimney of 54 feet height (16,5m) is reported. The tenant, Mr. Marambio had his contract expired in 1908 to build a new smelting plant several kilometres away. (Yunge, G. 1909)
Location: Labrar, Atacama region
Comuna Freirina, Provincia Huasco
Location (UTM): E281.000 / N68.20.163
beeline to Freirina: 29,5 km
Street-kilometre to Freirina: 45,6 km
Chimneys are the most striking witnesses of industrial development, especially in heavy industry. Labrar is one of the few areas where these silent witnesses are still imposingly defying erosion. One should imagine that large areas of the Atacama region used to look like this. Large groups of chimneys with adjoining huts, for example in Tierra Amarilla, Caldera, Yerba Buena, Astillas and many other places. This and the other villages were marked by their active heavy industry, where today the silence of the desert has returned.
The area is a cultural monument! It is forbidden to take any objects with you.
Introduction to Labrar
Observation platform (km 6,6)
Totora Pass (km 16,9)
Sauce Perez (km 22,8)
Loma Suelta (km 24,0)
Arco Molle Pass (km 32,5)
Fraguita (km 35,1)
Kobaltminen (km 39,3)
Friedhof (km 41,4)
Quebradita (km 44,2)
● Labrar smelter (km 45,6)
Railroad history of Atacama
History of Atacama
Mining history of Atacama
Climate of the Atacama Region
Beaches of Atacama
The Andes mountains
Rutas de Atacama
Aeródromos en Atacama
• Yunge, G. (1905): Estadística Minera de Chile 1903. - Sociedad Nacional de Minería Vol.3; Imprenta y Litografía "Universo".
• Yunge, G. (1909): Estadística Minera de Chile 1906 - 1907. - Sociedad Nacional de Minería Vol.3; Imprenta y Litografía "Universo".
• Yunge, G. (1910): Estadística Minera de Chile 1908 - 1909. - Sociedad Nacional de Minería Vol.4; Imprenta y Litografía "Universo".
Translation: Pre-Translated with www. DeepL.com/Translator.
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