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History of mining - Atacama Region, Chile

Educational push

Mining 1830 - 1920
W. Griem, 2017

Educational push

Biblioteca en Copiapo, Chile en 1930

Foto: Biblioteca del Liceo de Hombres en Copiapó en 1929
De: Guillermo Rojas Carrasco (1930): Liceo de Hombres Copiapó
Foto grande

Info Chañarcillo :1 | 2 | 3 | 4  | FFCC | GeologíaCarta | Domeyko

Abajo:
Listado de las escuelas de minas en el mundo por orden de su fundación:

List of mining schools and their founding year
founding year Place, country
1765 Freiberg (Germany)
1770 Schmnitz (Hungria)
1775 Escuela de Minas Clausthal, Harz (Germany)
1776 St. Petersburgo (Russia)
1777 Academia de Minería, Almadén (Spain)
1778 París (Francia)
1798 Escuela de Minas Eisleben (Germany)
1818 Mining school of Bochum, Germany (hoy: Georg Agricola)
1838 Bergschule (Mining school) Waldenburg, Polonia
1840 Montanlehranstalt, Leoben (Austria)
1851 London School of Mines (England)
1857 Escuela de Minas de Copiapó (Chile)
1874 Colorado School of Mines (U.S.A.)
1876 Escuela de Minas Ouro Preto (Brazil)
1876 Escuela de Ingeniería y Minas, Lima (Perú)
1887 Escuela de Minas La Serena (Chile)
1888 Camborne School of Mines (Cornwall, England)
1889 Montana Tech (U.S.A)
1896 South African School of Mines, Kimberley (South Africa)
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 Introduction to mining history 1830 - 1920

School and education between 1830 and 1920 :

Las sociedades de la época entendieron que la clave de todo el progreso es la educación y lo más importante es el acceso a la educación para todos. Eso incluye la educación escolar y la educación profesional:

During this period there have been some fundamental changes in the education system. Where large sections of the population used to be excluded from adequate education, education is now being tried to spread to all sections of the population. The education system is distancing itself from the "father-son" vocational training and public schools or vocational schools are formed.
It should also be mentioned that the early entry into working life, i. e. child labour, had not made it possible for young people to receive an education;
Friedrich Engels wrote:
"Church and school are attended by very few, and the teachers complain of great drowsiness and dullness in all their curiosity for learning "
(Engels, 1844)

In this way, the "Escuela de Minas" was founded in Copiapó, the Copiapo mining school. In Chañarcillo the "ESCUELA PRACTICA DE EXPLOTACIÓN Y MENSURA DE MINAS" was opened in 1875.

It slowly became clear that efficient mining with relatively high extraction rates could not be achieved without trained personnel. The curriculum of the old mining school in Chañarcillo is very interesting. In two years mathematics, topography, geometry, geology, mineralogy, ventilation and accounting were taught. Curriculum of the school practices exploitation and measurement in mines (Escuela de Minas, sede Chañarcillo)  of Chañarcillo in summary: 1st year: Arithmetic and accounting of mines geometry applicable to graphic mapping  mine excavations Compass and its uses mine ventilation, physics to pumps and steam engines. Practical study of copper, silver and gold tests. 2nd year: equations and logarithms. Resolution of right triangles three dimensional geometry Analytical mine mapping and analytical resolution of measurement problems. Study of tripod instruments. Mining of mines Mechanical preparation of minerals Applied geology explanations  Mineralogy of metals mined in Chile and its main breeding grounds

Curriculum of the Mine school in district of Chañarcillo in summary:

1º year:
- Arithmetic and mine accounting
- Geometry applicable to the graphic drawing of planes
- Excavations of mines
- Compass and its uses
- Ventilation of mines, physics to pumps and steam engines.
- Practical study of copper, silver and gold tests.

2º year:
- equations and logarithms. Resolution of right triangles
- Three dimensional geometry
- Analytical mine mapping and analytical resolution of measurement problems.
- Study of tripod instruments.
- Mine operation
- Mechanical preparation of minerals
- Applied geology explanations
- Mineralogy of metals mined in Chile and its main deposits
linea 300

 

Biology lessons at Copiapo 1929
Biology class in 1929 at Copiapó
Foto grande
De: Guillermo Rojas Carrasco (1930): Liceo de Hombres Copiapó

 

Literatur and Links

List of books

Literatura:
PHILIPPI, RUDOLPH AMANDUS (1860): REISE DURCH DIE WUESTE ATACAMA AUF BEFEHL DER CHILENISCHEN REGIERUNG IM SOMER 1853-54 UNTERNOMMEN UND BESCHRIEBEN. VON DR... NEBST EINER KARTE UND XXVII TAFELN HALLE Eduard Anton 1860

Sources:
Historia del Partido Socialdemócrata en Alemania (en alemán)
http://www.dh-museum.com/lemo/html/kaiserreich/innenpolitik/spd2

SIMONIN, L. (1867): La vie Soutterraine ou les mines et les mineurs. - Paris, Libraire de L. Hachette et G.

Mining Atacama
History of Atacama

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History of mining 1830-1920
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Records of the period::
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Los Mineros (Tornero 1872)
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Published: 7.10.2017; updated: 7.10.2017
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