Atacama virtual: English

The coastal area of the Atacama Region: Chañaral (2)

Chañaral (II): History

Museo Virtual, Chile

W. Griem, 2006 - 2021

Chañaral Square (Region of Atacama; Chile) with the lighthouse.

Photo: Chañaral Square (Region of Atacama; Chile) with the lighthouse. (W. Griem, 2005; Kodak4126) Foto grande

Chañaral Center, Atacama, Chile

Photo: Chañaral Center, Atacama, Chile (W. Griem, 2005; Kodak4124) Photo grande

Chañaral: p.1 p.2p.3 Ffcc

español  / deutsch / english

The proximity to Pan de Azúcar National Park and the beaches located south of the city like Portofino support tourism development.

Chañaral currently has over 13,000 inhabitants. In the years 1875 to 1952 Chañaral was a village of no more than 3,000 inhabitants, but by this time a city of importance for the Atacama Region. The years between 1960 and 1982 are marked by exceptional growth: The beginnings of the El Salvador mine and many other mining projects obviously gave Chañaral's demographic development a significant boost. Another factor may be the new route and the importance of the Pan-American Highway.

See Chañaral's historical portrait (R. A. Philippi, 1860)
See historical portrait of Chañaral (R. Tornero, 1872)

Information about Chañaral:
Atacama Statistics

Chañaral, urban:
13,180 inhabitants (2002, commune of Chañaral, urban) (source: INE)
12,154 inhabitants (1992, Chañaral) (source: INE)
10,661 inhabitants (1982) (source: INE)
9,051 inhabitants (1970) (source: Visión Atacama, 1986)
5,150 inhabitants (1960) (source: Visión Atacama, 1986)
2,531 inhabitants (1952) (source: Visión Atacama, 1986)
2,980 inhabitants (1940) (source: Visión Atacama, 1986)
2,040 inhabitants: (1920 (source: Census 1920)
2,982 inhabitants (1907) (source: Visión Atacama, 1986)
2,613 inhabitants (1895) (source: Visión Atacama, 1986)
3,084 inhabitants (1875) (source: Census 1875)
more statistics of the Atacama Region

Literature / Book Collection:
• Yunge, G. (1910): Estadística Minera de Chile 1908 - 1909. - Sociedad Nacional de Minería  Vol.4; Imprenta y Litografía "Universo".

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