Museo Virtual: EnglishW. Griem, 2005 - 2021
Atacama / Chile
Start here . . .
Northern Chile and Chile:
Geology in photos
Geology in text and photos
History of Earth Sciences
Content: Atacama Region
Virtual viewpoint of Atacama
Atacama black & white
Trails of Atacama
Animals of Atacama desert
Flowers of Atacama desert
Climate of Atacama
History of Atacama
Mining of Atacama
Railroads of Atacama
Books and links Atacama
The Atacama Region (Chile): A virtual presentation of the Region, the Atacama desert, its history and its beauties:
List of names and places of Atacama
Virtual viewpoint of Atacama:
Pictures of the Atacama Desert in large size - the beauty of a dry, unique landscape.
The Atacama Desert
Images and texts on the Atacama Desert. One of the driest places in the world and certainly one of the most particular places in the world.
Atacama in black and white
Photo report on the activities in Copiapó and desert of Atacama. Very particular images with a certain style.
Road Maps of Atacama
Collection of road maps of sectors of the Atacama Region in particular.
Distances in Atacama
List of distances between places and cities in Atacama.
The Atacama Routes
Proposal of tourist routes or routes of general interest in the Atacama Desert. Descriptions and virtual trips to the desert: Especially highlights the routes of Camino Internacional, Diego de Almagro, Paso Pircas Negras, Copiapó river valley and the saltpeter of Taltal.
The Pan-Americana Highway in Atacama
A trip to the Pan-American Highway in the Atacama Desert. A virtual, historic journey on the Pan-American Highway as a "normal" route
Animals of Atacama
Presentation of some animals from the Atacama Desert - photos and descriptions.
Atacama Desert Flora
Some plants in the Atacama Region, plants adapted to the desert.
Climate of Atacama
Compilation of information on climate events in the Atacama Region. A chronological listing, photos and data.
History of Atacama
Materials, photos of the history of Atacama with a focus on industrialization. A short trip in time from the north of Chile. Chronologies of events over time in the form of lists allow us to understand the development of the Region: The Region of Atacama - Copiapó - School of Mines - Earthquakes in Atacama - Chañarcillo - Tres Puntas. Descriptions of earthquakes in recent centuries and decades begin with the description of GILLISS (1851). A list of people from Atacama and historical demographic data complete this module.
The Atacama Mining Industry
Presentation of the historic mines in the Atacama Desert. Activities in Chañarcillo (Ag), the Inca de Oro district (Au and Cu), Puquios (Cu), Salitreras del canton Taltal among others. The period (1830-1920) of mining industrialization with an Atacama focus is analyzed, some descriptions of the working conditions are shown (Gilliss: Apires y barreteros). A complete list of the districts is included in this module.
Railways of Atacama
The remains of the extended railroads of northern Chile still allow us to obtain an imagination of the reinforcements and magnitudes of the works. The site geovirtual2.cl shows the lines between La Calera and the saltpeter canton Taltal. A summary of each line is presented, historical background was collected (e. g. Paul Treutler Journey to Copiapó) and shows the current status of the journeys. Historical figures help to understand the importance of these important elements of Chilean infrastructure.
Airfields in Atacama
An almost forgotten story: Many places had rural or simply emergency airstrips. Absolutely unusable today, but still recognizable.
Historical maps of Atacama
A small collection of historical letters from Atacama. Letters showing how the level of knowledge was increased.
Atacama in 3D
The morphology of Atacama in three dimensions.
A collection of books and publications on Atacama - especially works from the past centuries by travellers and scientists who made descriptions of Atacama from 1850 to 1930. See also the collection of books (in this case, Atacama's book collection) (HERE)
Links to Atacama
Sketches of Chile
A small collection of portraits and photos of the past. Especially the subjects "life", industry and development are presented in high-resolution images.
Geology Notes: Geological Science Resources on the site geovirual2. cl:
Geology: Index of Terms
A well-rounded index with links to the relevant pages.
Geology: Virtual Museum
Rocks, minerals, sedimentary structures - in photos and texts. A collection of geology photos especially with examples from Atacama, Chile.
Notes General Geology
The general principles of geosciences. An introduction to Geology. The universe, rocks etc. An introduction . . .
A collection of minerals and their properties. Photos, descriptions and conceptual maps to memorize minerals and their properties.
Animal systematics with links to examples. With links to the corresponding pages.
Periods and geological time scale
List of the geological periods and the most important facts
Tectonic notes - use of compasses, notation types, Schmidt's projection, types of faults.
Introduction to Mineral Deposits. The formation of the most important deposits - with a certain weighting of an Atacama view.
Exploration and prospecting methods, geophysics.
Historical sketches in the geosciences and mining
A collection of historical portraits in paleontology, mining, geology. Book figures from 1850 to 1915. Mainly German books. Focus of the pages on mining, paleontology and general geology.
Quotation module - articles - geology
A handmade collection of relevant quotes from geological themes.
Petrography, geochemistry and tectonics of dykes and veins in the Quebrada Chañaral Alto sector (Atacama Region, Chile)
Any new publication not authorized by the authors is expressly prohibited. This applies in particular to electronic publications: Usage guidelines.