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Mining History in Atacama, Chile: Llampos

Cachiyuyo de Llampos mining district

Museo Virtual, Atacama
W. Griem, 2017

 Places:
Ruins of the village Llampos
Railway station of Llampos
Historical roads

Pic Minas Lomas Bayas
The mines:
Andacollo mine
Carmen mine
Virginia mine
La Verde mine
Rajo de Oro mine

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Maps
Map of 1919

Pic Textos historicos
Historical texts
Lorenzo Sundt - Andacollo
Paul Treutler - Minas de Cachiyuyo y Crisis de cobre
San Roman en Cachiyuyo

Pic Estadistica Lomas Bayas
Statistics, data 1869

Pic listado Lomas Bayas

Mina Rajito de Oro
Photo: Interior of the Rajo de Oro mine

Mining Atacama
Journey to Atacama

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Mining Atacama:
Content Mining Atacama
List of mining districts  Atacama
Mining from 1830 to 1920
Chañarcillo
Tres Puntas district
Cerro Blanco district
Lomas Bayas district

Agua Amarga
Distrito Inca de Oro
Puquios - Carrera Pinto
Cachiyuyo de Llampos
Carrizal Alto
Cabeza de Vaca - Maray
Checo de Cobre
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Llano de Varas
Ruta Copiapó - Diego de Almagro
Estación FFCC Chimbero
Desierto Atacama Tres Puntas

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Railroad history of Atacama
History of Atacama
Mining history of Atacama
Flora Atacama
Animals of the Atacama Desert
Geología Atacama
Climate of the Atacama Region
Atacama desert
Beaches of Atacama
The Andes mountains
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Carretera Panamericana
Aeródromos en Atacama

Tourist information
Atacama
Travel instructions
Behavior in the desert
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The Andes mountains
Atacama desert

Map of the Cachiyuyo de Llampos sector:
Carta del distrito Minero Cachiyuyo de Llampos

Informative Chart
Location: District Cachiyuyo de Llampos
Commune Copiapó
UTM Location: E 399.500 / N69.94.300
Height: 1300 m - 2300 m
Location: (direct line) 38.5 km in N53E from Copiapó.
Road: 48 kms from Copiapó
Condition: Activity of small scale mining, prospecting and some abandoned mines.
Mineralization: Au (Cu), Tourmaline, Quartz, Wulfenite, Lindgrenite

The mining district of Cachiyuyo is subdivided into Cachiyuyo de Llampos and Cachiyuyo de Oro. It is a very heterogeneous mining district, with the north longitudinal railway line as its axis of infrastructure, although its construction in 1909 was quite young compared to active mines. Paul Treutler mentions mining in the sector (1853) and also mentions Inca mining activities.
The mining statistics in 1869 indicate a production of 146,074 kg of fine gold (per year 1869). We worked in 6 to 11 mines with a maximum of 223 people (January). The average grade in gold reached 145 ppm (or g/ton); not so bad. Most of the gold comes from the vein of the mine: Diana, Constancia, Descubridora and Carmen.

Literature:
• Flores, H. (1938): Plano geológico del distrito minero Cachiyuyo de Oro, Santiago, Boletin de minas y Petróleo v. 8 p. 751 - 754)
• San Roman & Sundt, L. (1911): Estudios Jeolojicos i Topograficos del desierto i puna de Atacama Vol II.- Sociedad Nacional de Minería. (Collection W.Griem)
• Segerstrom, K. (1960): Carta Geológica de Chile, Cuadrángulo Llampos, Provincia de Atacama; 1:50.000.- Instituto de Investigaciones Geológicas.
• TREUTLER, PAUL (1882): Fünfzehn Jahre in Südamerika an de Ufern des Stillen Ozeans. - 3 Bd., 236 Seiten; Weltpostverlag, Leipzig.  (Especialmente página 206 - 216.  (Collection W.Griem)

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© Dr. Wolfgang Griem, Chile - all rights reserved  (Mail a Wolfgang Griem Uso de las páginas de geovirtual.cl y geovirtual2.cl)
Published (spanish): 16.8. 2014; Updated: 15.10.2017

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